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The American Legion Police
What is the American Legion Police?
The simple answer is that they were regular sworn law enforcement officers. The American Legion Police Departments/Units existed in most Eastern States and the Mid-West. In some cases they were Sworn Police Officers, in other cases they were not. Sometimes, they just existed in the gray areas. The earliest known existent that can be found is from the early 1920’s and started to die out in the late 60's early 1970’s.
These American Legion Police Departments appear to have existed all at the Department level or lower. This is with the exception of the Special Police Units that traveled with the National Commander and his staff during the National Conventions.
When these National American Legion Special Police Units existed, they appeared to have been under the authority and Command of the National Sergeant-at-Arms. These Special American Legion Police officials would then travel to Cities such as Milwaukee, Wisconsin that had their own American Legion Police Department. these American Legion Special Police officials would then set up shop and coordinate protection and other programs with the local American Legion Police Departments or Units..
So why did the American Legion Police Exist?
Well the reason very from State to State to Post to Post. But the main reason was the protection and assistance of the Community. A perfect example is out of Boston in the 1930’s and 1940.
The National Security & Intelligence Committee (NSIC) Police is a Private Police Unit designed to protect the NSIC and the Post’s facilities, properties, members, personnel, users, visitors and operations from harm and may enforce certain laws and administrative regulations.
As distinct from general law enforcement, the primary focus of the NSIC Police is on the protection of specific properties and persons. This causes some overlap with functions normally performed by public and private police, investigators and security professionals. However, NSIC Police are distinguished from many of these categories by greater authority: often higher levels of training, and correspondingly higher expectations of performance in the protection of life and property.